The Rajputs were a good example. This portal is designed to support Students and Teachers of Central Board of Secondary Education. Akbar reigned between 1562 and 1605. 2. Every kind of pressure was exerted on the Hindus, in order to induce them to accept Islam. Todar Mal divided each province into revenue circles with its own schedule of revenue rates for individual crops. He was liberal minded and tolerant of other religions. 9. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Write two steps taken by Akbar to gain the loyalty of Rajputs. Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. An image of Sushant Singh Rajput's father KK Singh from a hospital is going viral on social media with the late actor's fans wishing him a speedy recovery. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Being a Rajput, a blood of the Rathores and Chauhans he could not even protect his wife's honor. He abolished the pilgrim tax on bathing at holy places such as Prayag and Benaras. Marks : 80 (3x10=30) 4) How has Umofia changed during the seven years of Okonkwo's exile ? With his Rajput policy, Akbar entered into the largest military market in India. He took a keen interest in reforming their social evils. Knowing this Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. Finally, Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy sounded the death-knell of the Mughal Empire. Give their general characteristics and reasons of their dominance. The sacrifice of course was to be made to Akbar, who was now the vice regent of God. Question: Write two steps taken by Akbar to gain the loyalty of Rajputs. General Characteristic Properties Of Electrovalent And Covalent Compounds, Mahmud Ghazni- Important Invasions & Achievements, Beginning of Industrial Revolution In England, Differences Between Spermatogenesis And Oogenesis. His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. 3. At the site of the demolished temples, mosques were built. He showered her with heaps of praises on her beauty and offered her to be his mistress for the night. And Akbar confronted her. He forbade the construction of new temples and to repair the old ones. Akbar knew he had made a wrong move, he took two steps back and walked away in silence. On the basis of this data, tax was fixed on each crop in cash. 12. • Good generalship. Akbar prohibits inheritance of land granted to bureaucrats. 15. In 1562 he marries a Rajput princess, daughter of the Raja of Amber (now Jaipur). Give a brief account of the conquests of Akbar? However, he could rule only for four years, i.e. He was a staunch Sunni Muslim. Sarkar Kalpi: Landowning castes include Rajput’s, Kachhwaha Rajput’s, Sengar Rajput’s (a branch of the Agnibansi Rajput’s) and Rajput Kumbi, Bais, Sheikhzadah, Malikzadah, Brahman, Afghan and Turkoman. • Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. Question 58. 4. Name the Mughal ruler who followed the coparcenary inheritance. The religious policy of Akbar was either a lesson for the universal toleration or the distortion in Islam. Thus was opened the way through which the Mughal emperor was able to secure for four … His first marriage in 1562 was to Jodha Bai, or Harkha Bai, a Rajput princess from Amber. 18. He also strengthened his relationship by matrimonial alliances. • Turkish Nobles, Indian Muslims, Afghans and Rajputs joined the Mughal services as mansabdars. The Jama Masjid. 17. Trace the development of megasporocyte in the ovary of a mature ovule. The Kachhawahas got the largest share of appointments among Rajputs. He knew that the support of Rajputs was necessary to consolidate his empire. 5. The reimposition of jiziya by Akbar in 1575, which was a step in preparation for war with Mewar shows that Akbar had to rely on religion for ... Each sub was to have two amirs or sipahsalars as well as a diwan and a Bakshi. Critically examine Akbar’s Rajput Policy in the establishment or declination of the Mughal dynasty (2002) Highlight the steps taken by Akbar for the consolidation of Mughal Empire. HI S T O RY AS S I G NME NT S T ANDARD 9 fo r th e 4 th o f De c e mb e r , 2 0 2 0 T h e Mu g h a l E mp i r e 1. He also succeeded in capturing the famous forts of Ranthambhor and Chittor. The good news, when brought to the proud father, set him dancing with joy. Workplace safety needs to be a top priority not only for employers but the employees as well. The Mughals were proud of their Timurid ancestry. How does the potential energy of two hydrogen atoms change when they gradually approach each other forming a hydrogen molecule? He brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary. Upon hearing his wife's plight, Prithviraj was shrouded in guilt and shame. • The higher the numerical value of zat, the higher was his salary and position in court. She tried to make her way out, but was further stopped by Akbar’s guards. Describe the religious policy of Aurangzeb. Explain the Mughal relations with other rulers. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: Comparison Between the Rajput Policy of Akbar and Aurangzeb: The Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): Alauddin Khilji, Social and Religious Significance of the Chaitanya Movement, Establishment and Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims in Hindi, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains, Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Mains in Hindi, UPSC Topper 2013 Gaurav Agrawal Notes For IAS Preparation, The Big Picture: Medical Education Reforms, Gilgit-Baltistan An Integral Part of India, Draft Spacecom Policy and India’s Space Sector, Bryophytes- Characteristics And Economic Importance. Akbar governs through a bureaucracy of officials in which natives and foreigners, both Hindus and Muslims, can rise to high office. He was given a command of 5,000 and his son and grand son were also admitted to high ranking the army. Apart from that as an additional incentive, they got even. Raja Bihari Mal with his son Bhagwan Das and grand son Man Singh proceeded to Agra. The qazi was the chief justice of the empire. As did the families of his later Hindu wives, her father and brothers joined Akbar's court as … The Bikaner queen was then alone. Such vignettes can reveal more insights and give new perspective to our medieval and contemporary histories,” says Mahendra Khadgawat, director of the department. But when they were defeated, the Mughals did not insult them. Rajput enjoyed their eminence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called Jagirs. • They did not actually reside in their Jagirs but appointed servants to collect revenues from the people. The Rajput princess became the mother of Jahangir and exerted great influence on Akbar and his policy. ©ytssubtitles. Akbar arrived on … The Rajputs were prominent among them. Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against rulers who refused to accept their authority. But they are popularly called Mughals. Akbar followed Kiran Devi Rathore and blocked her way when he got an opportunity. Some Rajput kings like Raja Munja and Raja Bhoja were themselves gifted poets and dramatists. 22. Critically examine Akbar’s Rajput Policy in the establishment or declination of the Mughal dynasty (2002) Highlight the steps taken by Akbar for the consolidation of Mughal Empire. 4. Akbar’s siege of Chittor in 1567 was a brutal one. Many Rajput rulers submitted to Akbar but Mewar refused to bend. Rajputs consider themselves descendants of one of the major ruling warrior groups of the Hindu Kshatriya Varna (social order) in the Indian subcontinent, particularly North India. Mention any two steps taken by Akbar to promote better understanding between the Hindus and the Muslims. Because of this policy of religious intolerance, the Rajputs turned against him. But many resisted as well. from 1526 to 1530. This revenue system was known as zabt. The Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against the rulers who refused to accept their authority. Aurangzeb desired to conquered whole of Deccan (South India) as Napoleon wanted to conquer Spain. Some of the features of Akbar's Rajput policy are as follows: Akbar extended a friendly hand towards the Rajputs by matrimonial alliances. From Sushant Singh Rajput, Irrfan Khan, SP Balasubrahmanyam, Rishi Kapoor to Nishikant Kamat, many celebrities left a void in the Indian entertainment industry that can never be filled. But he was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of the Uzbegs, a Mongol group. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. He married into Rajput families and gave Rajput ladies the choice of practising their own religion. 7. What was the real name of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan? Describe why Maharana Pratap is famous in Indian history. Akbar was a great politician and a wise statesman. Amansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a rank or a position used by the Mughals to fix rank, salary and military responsibility of the individual. Answerany three of the following in not more than two pages. Aurangzeb’s religious policy weakened the foundation of the empire. Religious Policy of Akbar: Akbar was the most enlightened ruler among the Muehals. Discuss. • The mansabdari system was an important feature of the Mughal’s administration. Answer: Maharana Pratap’was the brave son of the Rana Udai Singh of Mewar. If step two above didn’t solve the problem, then after opening your preferred movie player and movie is … He was given a command of 5,000 and his son and grand son were also admitted to high ranking the army. 2. They were in fact more of Turks than of Mongols. The reasons for success of Babur in the first battle of Panipat were: • Strong artillery which was a new introduction in the Indian army and a well-trained cavalry. • His military responsibility required him to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. Akbar ascended the throne in 1556 A.D. Shah Jahan became the ruler in 1627 A.D. Mughal campaigns continued in the Deccan under Shah Jahan. Empire was divided into province called______. 'Mansabdars' received their salaries as revenue assignments called 'jagirs' which were somewhat like iqtas. Click here for answer. Most employees are faced with some sort of hazard at the job site. • Akbar’s empire was divided into provinces called subas, governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. Few know that Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s son Akbar accused him of a latent Hindu bias. In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. He introduced a new system for assessing the land revenue. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. Max. But those who refused to submit before him were suppressed with an iron hand. He led various campaigns against the three Deccan states. 1) Examine the significance of the title, Things Fall Apart. It is incorrect to describe any of the Mughal rulers of India as Mongol, although Mughal and Mongol are synonyms. Babur arranged his soldiers in such a way that they could move easily from one part of the battle to other. For example- we can give a reference to the matrimonial relationship between Khizr Khan, the son of Alauddin Khalji and Devla Devi daughter of Raykaran Vaghela. In what form does the Mansabdars received salaries? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It means those rulers who accepted his suzerainty were treated well. His salary was determined by the numerical value ofzat. The Sisodiya Rajputs refused to accept Mughal authority for a long time. Answer: Aurangzeb’s religious policy had two aspects i.e: To promote the tenets of Islam and to ensure that the people led their lives accordingly. Describe the Right to Equality and Right to Freedom as enumerated in the Indian Constitution. This idea of tolerance did not discriminate between people of different religions in his realm. By 1585-86, Akbar's Rajput policy had become fully developed. The term 'mansabdar' refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a 'position or rank'. The mansabdar had to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. Your email address will not be published. The first volume dealt with Akbar’s ancestors. Describe the effect of physical environment on the biotic community? Discuss the development of seed habit. They patronized many poets, scholars, bards, etc., in their courts. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions. Jiziya was abolished and the state services were opened for the Hindus, especially Rajput princes. India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. What are Vascular Plants? But many resisted as well. Akbar’s Rajput policy drew the Rajputs closer to the muslims and helped in the growth of an Indo-muslim culture which represented the best elements of both. Akbar is succeeded in 1605 by his eldest and only surviving son, Jahangir. What characters of seed plants make them specially adapted to life on land? What do you know about the relationship between the Mughals and the Rajputs? 3) What is the influence of Unoka on Okonkwo ? In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. 2. Even the ruler of Malwa, Maldeva got his daughter married to the son of Sher Shah, Islam Khan. CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. Akbar now took the bold step of introducing his four-fold path of renunciation, the Din-i-Ilahi in 1582. The Rajput policy of Aurangzeb was completely opposed to that of Akbar. Describe the Rajput policy of the Mughal emperors. 5. Describe the main features and the reasons for Akbar's Rajput policy. When Akbar was crowned in 1556 A.D. the Mughal Empire was scattered. The doors of the government service were closed for the Hindus. The alliance with Rajputs had … Describe the organisation and jurisdiction of the High Courts in India. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. The higher the 'zat', the more prestigious was the noble's position in court and was larger his salary. “The digitisation project aims to unlock a vast knowledge about the Mughal-Rajput and Rajput-Maratha ties for the public. Instead it focused on a system of ethics such as honesty, justice and peace. Describe the main features and the reasons for Akbar's Rajput policy. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions. Likewise, some Muslim rulers encouraged even matrimonial relationship with Hindu nobles. Furthermore, some rulers even tried to befriend them. Rajputs were treated at par with the Mughal nobility. The system in which elder son succeeds father after death was ________. Þddd oodd 10. Mughals permanently lost Qandhar during the reign of _______. Describe Akbar's idea of sulh-i-kul or universal peace. He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. Akbar's Tomb, Sikandra . Two other sons have died of drink, and Jahangir's effectiveness as a ruler is limited by his own addiction to both alcohol and opium. Raja Bihari Mal with his son Bhagwan Das and grand son Man Singh proceeded to Agra. For example- the treatment given by Alauddin Khalji to the ruler of Devagiri, Ramchandra Deva, appears to be the precursor of the Rajput policy of Akbar. (2000) Critically examine Akbar’s Rajput Policy in the establishment or declination of the Mughal dynasty (2002) Highlight the steps taken by Akbar for the consolidation of Mughal Empire. Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Miners, or employees who may work in confined spaces, may be at more risk than those who work in … In which year did Aurangzeb defeat the atoms? The Age of Akbar *Writers and Scholars* [[143]] ONLY Ashoka, who had ruled eighteen centuries before, vies with Akbar for the title of the greatest of Indian kings, and if weight is given to initial difficulties encountered and overcome, the claim must surely go to Akbar. 2. The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. Justify the statement. An early act demonstrates that he intends to rule the two religious communities of India, Muslim and Hindu, in a new way - by consensus and cooperation, rather than alienation of the Hindu majority. Akbarnama, Shahinshah, Sulh-i-kul, Mansabdar, Sarkar and Imperial. 2. Akbar followed certain steps to gain the loyalty of the Rajputs- 1. He provided liberty in the matter of religion to his Hindu wives and they were permitted to maintain their relations with their parental house. CBSE Guess having millions of pages of educational papers provided by various educational institutions, teachers and educators from India and abroad. Explain the composition, powers and functions of Lok Sabha. Answer: Akbar Nama and Ain-i Akbari. Right from the period of Delhi Sultanate the relations with Hindu nobility was an important question to be solved by various rulers. In 1527, Akbar defeated which ruler at Kahuna? Rajputs were treated at par with the Mughal nobility. • The mansabdar had to bring his cavalrymen for review, get them registered and get their horses branded. 1. What were the military responsibilities of Mansabdars? Bhara Mal- the ruler of Amber married his daughter to Akbar. Akbar won the fort of Chittorgarh, but Rana Udai Singh was ruling Mewar from other places. Chapter 1.01: The Harappan Civilization Chapter 1.02: Early Vedic Civilization Chapter 1.03: The Later Vedic Age Chapter 1.04: India in the 6th Century BC: Rise of Jainism and Buddhism Chapter 1.05: The Mauryan Empire Chapter 1.06: The Sangam Age: Kingdoms and The Social and Economic Conditions Chapter 1.07: The Age of the Guptas Chapter 1.08: South India and the Cholas Chapter 1.09: The … 6. The Rajput policy of Akbar was devised to win over Rajput kingdoms and induct the Rajputs into the Mughal service. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. She becomes one of his senior wives and the mother of his heir, Jahangir. Prostrating before him and chanting Allahu Akbar, the intending devotee had to bequeath property, life, honour and religion to him. He entered into marriage alliances with Rajputs. He provided their own regions to them as Watan Jagir. With average life expectancy of 50 years, Rajputs of today would be the 11th to 15th generation. As a result of his policy, his potential enemy against whom Barani had once expressed his resentment, was converted into a reliable friend. Write a short note on Shah-Jahan military campaigns. Your email address will not be published. 8. "Akbar gave prosperity and restored peace and order due to his policies". Answer: The Jama Masjid. His reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening … So, while narrating that two groups of sanyasis or ascetics known as Kurs and Puris petitioned Akbar during his return to Agra from Lahore in 1567 as the warring sects vied for a bigger share of alms, Sharma brings in the paradox in contemporary India where religious cults and spiritual gurus wield immense material and political power. Thus, Jahangir continued with Akbar’s policy of tolerance. In her biography of the third Mughal Emperor, Akbar, Ira Mukhoty describes the night of October 15, 1542, when at the fort of Umerkot, Humayun’s wife Hamida Banu delivered a baby boy. But as the Mughals became powerful, many other rulers joined them voluntarily. He failed in his central Asian campaigns .The campaign to seize Balkh from the Uzbegs was unsuccessful and Qandahar was lost to the Safavids. Chittor was the capital of __________. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. Akbar adopted carrot and stick policy against Rajput states. The year 1526 had a great significance in his life. The immediate threat in the year 1500 to the Mughal authority was the _________. Describe Akbar Nama and Ain-i Akbari. He knew that the support of Rajputs was necessary to consolidate his empire. On 3 March 1572 Udai Singh died, and his son, Maharana Pratap, sat on the throne at Gogunda. 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