Two students reported that they sought treatment following a suicide attempt. Slavich, G. M. & Auerbach, R. P. (2018). Third, we identified a small number of studies, which demonstrates lack of studies in this field. The mental health of university students is an important global concern. The prevalence of depression reported was significantly higher among females (25%) than males (17%) (Roberts et al., 2010). In Butcher, J. N. & Hooley, J. M. Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), Questions related to BFRBs within the last month. Downs, M. F. & Eisenberg, D. (2012). Psychiatry Res. Mental disorders are as prevalent among college students as same-aged non-students, and these disorders appear to be increasing in number and severity. All studies reported a higher prevalence of sleep disorders in association with other major mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and affective disorders. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. R. Beiter, R. Nash, M. McCrady et al., “The prevalence and correlates of depression, anxiety, and stress in a sample of college students,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder symptoms in college students. Prevalence and predictors of anxiety in healthcare professions students. Zhang B, Zaman A, Silenzio V, Kautz H, Hoque E. JMIR Ment Health. In total, 414 604 (55.6%) of the students were female. are few of the many problems reported in students with high academic stress(Deb, Strodl& Sun, 2015;Verma, Sharma & Larson, 2002).Incidences of depression were also found among stressful adolescents as it is linked with inability to concentrate, fear of failure, negative evaluation of future, etc. Thirty-five percent of students reported distress related to skin picking. One study was included on the prevalence of depression among undergraduate university students. Results showed that 22% of students reported moderate depression with a cut off score of >20 on the BDI-II, and 10% of students reported suicidal thoughts in the past 12 months, 8% had a suicide plan, and 4% had attempted suicide. (2011). Nurses With Substance Use Disorders: Where We Are and What Needs To Be Done, Posttraumatic stress disorder in DSM-5: Estimates of prevalence and symptom structure in a nonclinical sample of college students, Posttraumatic stress disorder (DSM-IV & DSM-5). Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support among dental students at a historically black college and university. The study on BFRBs included 4,435 undergraduate students from a public university. There is a paucity of literature on the prevalence of schizophrenia among university students; however, studies have suggested that the onset of psychotic symptoms occurs in adolescence and persists into early adulthood. The study recruited 625 students, and initially, a stressful life events questionnaire was administered, in which 216 students reported previous trauma exposure (Elhai et al., 2012). The gender, age, residential background, body mass index (BMI), perceived family economy and perceived study burden were obtained from a total of 4747 … Prevalence of mental health issues. The aim of the current review is to describe the prevalence and demographic correlates of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 17.06.2020. Anxiety and Depression. Binge drinking and disordered eating in college students. Online ahead of print. & Lunghofer, L. (1995). & O'Grady, K. E. (2013). Relationships between aggression, depression, and alcohol, tobacco: Implications for healthcare providers in student health. 2020 Dec 9;22(12):e23170. Sedentary time was calculated using data from the StudentLife app. (2000). At the point, parents and teachers are the individuals identified to perform this heavy duty and their collaboration is vital in promoting positive mental health among the students. A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. (Eds.). COVID-19; anxiety; app; behavior; depression; mental health; mobile sensing; pandemic; phone usage; sedentary. BFRBs de fined as daily engagement in hair pulling, skin picking, nail biting, cheek biting, teeth grinding while awake, and/or skin biting, Eating disorder symptoms among college students: Prevalence, persistence, correlates, and treatment-seeking, US version of SCOFF screening instrument: PHQ-9, Binge drinking and disordered eating in college students, Disordered eating behaviors; binge drinking behaviors, 48% of students reported binge eating disorders, Self-reported behaviors regarding number of alcoholic drinks, eating behaviors, and weight loss behaviors, Compulsive sexual behavior in young adults, 2% of students met criteria for current compulsive sexual behavior (23 males and 13 females), Minnesota Impulsive Disorders Interview (MIDI), Prevalence of sleep disorders by sex and ethnicity among older adolescents and emerging adults: Relations to daytime functioning, working memory and mental health, Overall, 36% at risk for at least one sleep disorder, and 6.3% at risk for two or more sleep disorders, Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder symptoms in college students, Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder (OCSD); Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD); Obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), Epidemiology of insomnia in college students: Relationship with mental health, quality of life, and substance use difficulties, Insomnia and mental health in college students, Sleep patterns and predictors of disturbed sleep in a large population of college students, The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Relationships between aggression, depression, and alcohol, tobacco: Implications for healthcare providers in student health, Survey Questionnaire on 30 selected items from NCRBS survey about alcohol, drugs, tobacco, and violence. Detailed information regarding the population, mental health diagnosis, and measurement tools of all 12 studies included in this review can be found in Table A (available in the online version of this article). Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals’ knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. The identified prevalence of mental health disorders is high, and the subsequent impact on this population is worrying. Previous research on epidemics or traumatic events suggests that this can lead to profound behavioral and mental health changes; however, researchers are rarely able to track these changes with frequent, near-real-time sampling or compare their findings to previous years of data for the same individuals. Kisch, J., Leino, E. V. & Silverman, M. M. (2005). Compared with prior academic terms, individuals in the Winter 2020 term were more sedentary, anxious, and depressed. Academic stress plays a major role in determining the mental health of students. Clinically significant OCD symptoms and health anxiety were present in 5% and 7% of students, respectively. The use of technology is increasing in this population and innovative methods should be used to engage students. Based on our study, the prevalence of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and … Anything that creates a challenge or a threat to our comfort is a stress. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. (2015). We could not find prevalence studies for general mental disorders, such as depression and ADHD, conducted on undergraduate students exclusively. Roberts, S. J., Glod, C. A., Kim, R. & Hounchell, J. ABSTRACT. Behaviors such as the number of locations visited, distance traveled, duration of phone usage, number of phone unlocks, sleep duration, and sedentary time were measured using the StudentLife smartphone sensing app. Results showed that 12% of students reported at least one pathological BFRB. Elhai, J. D., Miller, M. E., Ford, J. D., Biehn, T. L., Palmieri, P. A. Since the early 2000s, reports of increased rates of mental ill health among young people worldwide have received much attention. Study findings revealed that depressive symptoms were reported significantly more by obese male students (28.6%) than overweight (10.6%) and normal weight (9.5%) male students. Ibrahim, A. K., Kelly, S. J., Adams, C. E. & Glazebrook, C. (2013). (2010). Mental disorders among college students in the world health organization world mental health surveys. Eisenberg, D., Nicklett, E. J., Roeder, K. & Kirz, N. E. (2011). 2020).Students who are studying far away from their families suffer the most (Sahu 2020).The fear of getting infected and not seeing their families again for an unknown amount of time have … It was presumed that studies published within this time could have captured the long-term effects of violent terrorist attacks, such as 9/11, and deadly school shooting incidents. Binge eating was reported by 48% of respondents without significant differences between genders; 34.5% of females and 39% of male respondents had co-occurrence of binge eating and drinking (Kelly-Weeder, 2011). ©Jeremy F Huckins, Alex W DaSilva, Weichen Wang, Elin Hedlund, Courtney Rogers, Subigya K Nepal, Jialing Wu, Mikio Obuchi, Eilis I Murphy, Meghan L Meyer, Dylan D Wagner, Paul E Holtzheimer, Andrew T Campbell. Further, there were no significant associations between ethnic groups and the prevalence of sleep disorders (Gaultney, 2010; Petrov et al., 2014; Taylor et al., 2013). Hudson, J. I., Hiripi, E., Pope, H. G. Jr. & Kessler, R. C. (2007). The 2014 scope and standards of practice for psychiatric mental health nursing: Key updates. The measures used included the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Minnesota Impulsive Disorder Interview (MIDI). After conducting a systematic search strategy, identification, and screening based on eligibility criteria, only 12 studies were found to be relevant, and the majority of these studies had limitations in the methods used, such as use of convenience sampling, online surveys with low response rates (Eisenberg et al., 2011; Odlaug et al., 2015; Petrov et al., 2014; Sulkowski et al., 2011), use of cross-sectional survey design (Odlaug et al., 2015; Sulkowski et al., 2011; Taylor et al., 2013), and use of self-report measures (Elhai et al., 2012; Houghton et al., 2018; Petrov et al., 2014). The participants were 217 undergraduate students, with 178 (82.0%) students providing data during the Winter 2020 term. Furthermore, to our knowledge, there are no systematic reviews conducted on the prevalence of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States. A search strategy was built with the assistance of a medical research librarian to identify publications exploring the prevalence of mental health disorders in university students in the United States. Despite the availability of these resources, studies have reported continued underuse by university students (Downs & Eisenberg, 2012). & Wechsler, H. (2005). Proportion of US news and media stories containing the term coronavirus with key…, Sedentary time (top), depression (middle),…, Sedentary time (top), depression (middle), and anxiety (bottom) scores across an academic term…, Coefficient plots from mixed linear models of COVID-19 news inferred with mobile smartphone…, NLM harmeet.kaur@chitkara.edu.in. Students also provided additional information on academic performance, physical health, and psychoactive drug use. The purpose of this report is to review the research literature on college student mental health, while also drawing comparisons to the parallel literature on the broader adolescent and young adult populations. B. However, cross-national research carried out by the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative revealed that 20.3% of students had a 12-month mental health disorder in comparison to 21.4% of non-students in the population. The influence of age and sex on the onset and early course of schizophrenia. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. A., Vincent, K. B. WHO world mental health surveys international college student project: Prevalence and distribution of mental disorders. Participants were also asked questions to evaluate disordered eating via self-reported episodes of binge-eating, frequency of exercise, purposefully eating smaller meals, skipping meals, use of laxatives, fasting, and self-induced vomiting. Harmeet Kaur Kang, PhD, MSN, BSN, RN; Christopher Rhodes, MSN, RN; Emerald Rivers, MSN, RN; Clifton P. Thornton, MSN, RN, CPNP; Tamar Rodney, PhD, RN, PMHNP-BC, CNE, The aim of the current review is to describe the prevalence and demographic correlates of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States. The survey was conducted via anonymous email to students enrolled at a public institution in the midwestern United States (Eisenberg et al., 2011). NIH The prevalence of sleep disorders in college students: Impact on academic performance, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA); Periodic Limb Movement Disorder/Restless Leg Syndrome (PLMD/RLS); Insomnia; Narcolepsy; Circadian Rhythm Disorders (CRDs); Affective Disorder; Hypersomnia; Sleep State Misperception (SSM), 27% at risk for at least one sleep disorder. Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation among medical students: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The authors also reviewed the strengths and limitations of existing studies and suggest future recommendations. Evid Based Ment Health. Such incidents might have a significant effect on children during their childhood development, which may progress to the college/university years. 2020 Sep 25;22(9):e19992. The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among college students: A meta-analysis. Second, are these behavior and mental health changes associated with the relative news coverage of COVID-19 in the US media? *, **, and ***: Ma Z, Zhao J, Li Y, Chen D, Wang T, Zhang Z, Chen Z, Yu Q, Jiang J, Fan F, Liu X. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. View at: Publisher Site| Google Scholar See in References , 2 1. results showed that 34.4% of university students showed mental health problems and positive relation was found between loneliness and mental health problems. Background: Stress and other mental health issues can negatively impact the health and academic performance of college students.Purpose: Examine relationships among stress, mental health, and academic classification in a national sample of college students.Methods: Analyses utilized secondary data from 27 387 college students responding to the Fall 2009 American College Health … A typological model of schizophrenia based on age at onset, sex and familial morbidity. Committee on Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults; Board on Children, Youth, and FamiliesInstitute of Medicine; & National Research Council. & Frueh, B. C. (2012). Students with positive results on screening tools must be referred for further diagnostic evaluations. Another important outcome of this research is the reported high rates of binge drinking among students (63% female, 83% male) (Kelly-Weeder, 2011). Results: 2020 Nov 13:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S0033291720004432. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with negative moods, confusion, anger, depression, fatigue, and tension (Lund et al., 2010). B., Peluso, M. J., Guille, C., Sen, S. & Mata, D. A. The prevalence rates of probable acute stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms were 34.9%, 21.1% and 11.0%, respectively. Age of onset of mental disorders and use of mental health services: Needs, opportunities and obstacles. 2008;4:1–32. Petrov, M. E., Lichstein, K. L. & Baldwin, C. M. (2014). Epub 2020 Sep 30. A team at a private university in the northeastern United States recruited 211 college-aged students to complete a survey on binge drinking and disordered eating to determine the relationship between the two conditions (Kelly-Weeder, 2011). Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. There is an urgent need to develop strategies for early screening and management of mental health services in university settings. Psychological State of College Students During COVID-19 Epidemic. Age of onset of mental disorders: A review of recent literature. The vast majority of people worldwide have been impacted by coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In a study conducted on the prevalence of poor sleep quality in college students, with a sample of 1,125 students aged 17 to 24 years from an urban university in the midwestern United States, participants responded to a cross-sectional online survey on sleep habits using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Horne-Ostberg Morningness-Eveningness Scale, Profile of Mood States, and Subjective Units of Distress Scale. Tell us what you think about Healio.com », Get the latest news and education delivered to your inbox, Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20201104-03, Committee on Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults et al., 2015, Managing Workplace Violence With Evidence-Based Interventions: A Literature Review. (2016). The instruments used for assessing the prevalence of OCD were the Skin Picking Scale, Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire, Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised, Health Anxiety Inventory-Short Form, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-15. Youth quality of life-short form The fourth questionnaire will … In addition, we did not find any studies conducted on substance use disorders among undergraduate university students. Study findings reported a high percentage (72%) of students engaged in BFRBs. The present study is conducted on 50 UG and PG level college students in Haridwar, Uttarakhand (India). Singer, M. I., Anglin, T. M., Song, L. Y. There were no significant differences in the incidence of all disorders according to gender (Sulkowski et al., 2011). Laurence, B., Williams, C. & Eiland, D. (2009). 2020 Mar 04;:Preprint. The prevalence of poor sleep quality was reported as 60% among this sample of college students (Lund et al., 2010). These findings signify that additional studies are needed to provide an accurate description of issues impacting the prevalence of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States. Therefore, 12 studies met the full eligibility criteria after thorough full-text review. It is well known that early identification of mental health issues and the provision of mental health services on university campuses improves resilience among students, leading to improvements in interpersonal skills, creative work, and innovations (Douce & Keeling, 2014). Three percent of students reported distress associated with hair pulling. DIP:18.01.032/20200804, DOI:10.25215/0804.032 Coefficient plots from mixed linear models of COVID-19 news inferred with mobile smartphone features (top) or mobile smartphone features and self-reported mental health (bottom). (2007). doi: 10.2196/24012. 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Ratio estimates comparing mental health disorders among college students ( Slavich & Auerbach, R., Teter, C. &. Pan R, Wan X, Liu J, Zhong X Sep 30 ; 15 ( 9 ) e19992..., 2013 ) Needs, opportunities and obstacles Downs & Eisenberg, 2012 ) important..., yet challenging time ( 2015 ) to ethnicity, there is emerging! Prisma statement depression ; mental health of the addictions 5.4 % ) providing... Policy changes related to COVID-19 are represented with a shaded box from weeks 9 to.! Of these resources, studies have reported continued underuse by university students higher Education ( HE ) an... A challenge or a threat to our comfort is a stress process analysis screening instruments were not true of... Study, the prevalence rates of probable acute stress, and the availability of resources. Challenge or a threat to our comfort is a stress Medical Internet Research ( http: //www.jmir.org ) 17.06.2020. Self-Report ( PSS-SR ) center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale ( CES-D ) M. 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Of anxiety in healthcare professions students RLS, and PsycINFO databases xx–xx. ] early of... Downs & Eisenberg, D. J., Adams, C. J updated DSM-5 PTSD screening instruments were not available 2012., Silenzio V, Kautz H, Hoque E. mental health among students journal Ment health the present study that! Aggression, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and social support among students.

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