Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Recent figures estimate the number as between 75,000 and 100,000. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. In 1995, after a prolonged period of growth and oppression during Apartheid and the homelands reuniting with South Africa, the Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly of South Africa was formed. 25 Downloads; Abstract. After the British occupations of the Cape in 1795 and 1806, this Christian tradition prevailed. Today the government endorses and protects all beliefs including the African religion. The Buddhists in Africa are 5,000 in number. Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. Nearly 40% of the black colored South Africans are members of the African Independent Churches, commonly known as the Zionist Christian Churches, which include no less than 4,000 congregations. Nizamiye is fashioned after the 16th-century Selimiye Mosque in Turkey, a building that showcases spectacular Ottoman design. Religion in South Africa is dominated by various branches of Christianity. As many as 6.76 million people, or … Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. [8] The 2016 Community Survey, and intercensal survey carried out by Statistics South Africa, reintroduced the religion question, and the results were reported in the pie chart. Sadly, Christianity in much of North Africa virtually disappeared as Islam advanced in the following centuries. The popularity of the belief system is due to its liberated reforms that entertain ordination of women and surprisingly, homosexuality as compared to most evangelical counterparts. Of the approximately 176,000 Indians of all faiths who were transported to the Natal province, almost 7-10% of the first shipment were Muslims. However, this very fact was disputed by the early Christian missionaries who made their way to the shores of Southern Africa. Economic immigrants from India and Pakistan also contributed to the Muslim community before the end of apartheid. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. [13], Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. READ ALSO: Causes of conflict in Africa God, however, created the world and then remained distant. Religion in Namibia is dominated by various branches of Christianity, with more than 90 percent of Namibian citizens identifying themselves as Christian.According to the United States DRL, in 2007 up to 75% were Protestant, including as much as 50% Lutheran.. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Christianity, the faith of almost three-quarters of the diverse South African population, has long been pushed to the margins of historical writing on South Africa, yet for more than two centuries it has shaped South African society and its diverse subcultures. However, it is less dominant in the black community who identify themselves with the Zion Christian faith. Other notable Christian belief systems in South Africa include the Methodist Christian with a 6.8% of the population and the Charismatic Christians with a fascinating 8.2%. Since then, Protestantism has been the predominant religion of the European settlers and today, of South Africa as a whole. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. The Baháʼí Faith was introduced to South Africa in 1911. It has grown in three phases. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. [3], The socially marginalized African Traditional Religion adherents have become more publicly visible and organised in a democratic post-apartheid South Africa and today number over 6 million, or approximately 15 percent of the population.[4]. [5][6][7] The Census 2011 form did not include any questions about religion due to low priority. South Africa is a secular state with a diverse religious population. In August 2015 it was announced that the Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities (known as CRL) was launching an investigation into South African religious bodies. Religious groups in South Africa . This is one of two main features of the early beginnings of Christianity in South Africa. The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the pope based in Vatican City. Origen was from Alexandria in Egypt, while Tertullian and Augustine were from North Africa. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics. Today, the majority of South Africans identify as Christian (84.2%). It is believed that Mark the Evangelist brought Christianity from Jerusalem to Alexandria in the year 43 before becoming the first bishop to serve the Alexandria Orthodox Church. Many religions are represented in the ethnic and regional diversity of the population. It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. Early Hindu settlements in South Africa suffered discrimination, abuse and persecution. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. The Auwal or Owal Mosque built in 1794, is a mosque in the Bo-Kaap neighbourhood of Cape Town, South Africa, it is recognised as the first mosque established in the country. The history of Protestantism in South Africa dates back to the initial European settlement on the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practiced by less than 1.5% of the total population, according to estimates[by whom?]. However, Jewish settlers only began to arrive in numbers from the 1820s. The Muslim population has grown 20-fold, and now nearly three-in-ten (29%) Sub-Saharan Africans are Muslim. Although the largest Buddhist population lives in South Africa, it only makes up between 0.2 to 0.3% of the population. By 1300 it had spread to Iceland, China and Russia, and from there to southern Africa, Asia and the Americas through … Traditional, animist religion saw humans as being subject to the whims of local gods. [9] However, an Ipsos Mori Poll of 2017 showed 88% declare that religion was an important part of their lives. Hinduism is found in various provinces of South Africa, but primarily in KwaZulu-Natal. Three quarters (75.6%) of … Today the church embraces the teachings embedded in the life and resurrection of Christ and 3.8% of the population in the country subscribe to this religion. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, the system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. Religion. It is not reported whether Bartolomeu Dias de Novaes took off his shoes when on 12 March 1488 he raised a padráo, dedicated to St Gregory, at Kwaaihoek on the East Coast and just west of the mouth of the Bushman’s River. [12], According to the World Values Survey, between 1981 and 2001, South Africa was one of only three societies to see an increase in religious participation, and it was the leader among these, with churchgoing increasing by 13% in that period, from 43% of people surveyed to 57% being churchgoers. About 80% of South Africa's population describes themselves as being Christian. [28] South Africa's Jewish community differs from its counterparts in other African countries in that the majority have remained on the continent rather than emigrating to Israel (62% of the maximum 120,000 still remain). [21] Many came from Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar, and some from other states of India. The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African initiated church in Southern Africa. The third section analyses statistical data on the state of religion in South Africa, while the last section offers some concluding remarks on the relationship between modernisation and secularisation in South Africa thus far. The proportion of Catholics among the predominantly Calvinist white Afrikaans speakers, or South African Asians who are mainly Hindus of Indian descent, is extremely small. South Africa Religions. Unfortunately, I have to limit myself to the constitutional position of just two of the many religions in the country, as space and time do not allow for more. In 1956, after members of various tribes in South Africa became Baháʼís, a regional Baháʼí Assembly which included South Africa was elected. Later each of the constituent countries successively formed their own independent Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly. A diverse variety of African Traditional Religions of the early Khoisan and later Bantu speakers were practiced in the region prior to contact with European seafarers and settlers. Religion in South Africa (2016 Community Survey)[1]. Facts and statistics about the Religions of South Africa. After the eradication of apartheid system, religion, freedom, and protection in the country facilitated the growth of different religions. Since its introduction in 1652 by the settlers, the system has gained popularity and has a majority following. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. [17] Most white Catholics are English speaking. Religious Pluralism and Christianity in South Africa. The first Hindu temples were in operation in the 1870s. The majority are descended from Irish and Italian immigrants. While everyone is entitled to their religion, it is the same religion which has shaped Africa's history especially with the advent of imperialism and colonialism upon which it was built. [7] (More recent official statistics are unavailable, since the last South African Census – 2011 – did not ask any questions about religious affiliation.). [27] A small population of Baháʼís remained until 1950 when large numbers of international Baháʼí pioneers settled in South Africa. With the establishment of a trading post at the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch in 1652, Christianity obtained a permanent foothold and gained converts among the indigenous population. As we have seen above, religion of one kind or another has existed in South Africa for as long as there have been people living here. Many others are Portuguese settlers who left Angola and Mozambique after they became independent in the 1970s, or their children. Religious Demography", "P.W. [2] The Baháʼí community decided to limit membership in its national assembly to black adherents when a mixed-race assembly was prohibited under Apartheid. The Calvinist Afrikaans is not so into the religion, and their population is almost insignificant. Christianity is now one of the most widely practiced religions in Africa along with Islam and is the largest religion in Sub-Saharan Africa. This minority group forms less than 1% of the total population.e system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. The South African authorities have noticed this. However, other religions are protected by the constitution. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. This religious centre was built by Turkish businessman and philanthropist, Ali Katircioglu in 2012. According to the 1996 South African Census, the church numbered 3.87 million members. Previously, religious marriage officers could only be legally designated as such "for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to Christian, Jewish or Mohammedan rites or the rites of any Indian religion" in accordance with the Marriage Act. The … In accordance with section 5 of the Civil Union Act, any religious organisation may apply to the Department of Home Affairs for designation as a religious organisation and when designated as such must formally nominate suitable candidates from within their organisation to be designated by the Department of Home Affairs as religious marriage officers for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to the rites of that religious organisation. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. Currently, there are 3.8 million Catholics. Approximately 1.22% or 551,669 of the South African population professed to be Hindu, according to the 2001 census. Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. [22][23] Hindu Indians were among the people who were referred to as coolies,[24] racially segregated, and their discrimination continued through the Apartheid era until 1994. [33] In 2007 the South African Law Reform Commission received submissions from the South African Pagan Rights Alliance and the Traditional Healers Organisation requesting the investigation of the constitutionality of the act and on 23 March 2010 the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development approved a South African Law Reform Commission project to review witchcraft legislation.[34][35]. [3], The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly began under the British Empire, following a general pattern of increased European settlement in the 19th century. However, it is less dominant in the black community who identify themselves with the Zion Christian faith. The third phase, following the end of Apartheid, has been marked by the wave of African Muslims that have arrived on the shores and borders of South Africa. Today, the church embraces gay relationships and endorses them as full members of the Christian faith. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religion among most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. P.P. "Religion and spirituality are closely woven into the fabric of South African public and private life - though not always seamlessly or in matching thread. The first symbols of Christianity in southern Africa were in the form of crosses planted along the coast by early Portuguese seafarers. 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