Beguiling begonias (Begonia spp.) Bring your begonias in at night when temperatures fall below 50 °F (10 °C). Begonia propagation is an easy way to keep a little bit of summer all year long. Cane-type begonias have multiple stems, some reaching 5 feet or more under the right conditions. I have many begonias--as well as an older one which has been around since 2006. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The begonia family contains more than 1,300 species and hybrids, many of which are commonly grown as potted foliage plants. Pinch off the top shoots from each cane when they are about 6 inches tall. Be sure to time your pruning correctly, then you can prune your plant to shape it and help it flourish. Begonias that do best in the landscape generally fall into three groups: wax begonias, cane or angel-wing begonias, and rhizomatous begonias. They can also be hard pruned in spring if required. You can grow many of the varieties outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9 and 10, but you can grow them as annuals or indoors in colder climates. Use a clean, sharp scissors or a knife to cut the stems back to a leaf node. They are very hardy, being drought and heat tolerant. In terms of pruning, cane stem begonias can be tip pruned throughout the growing season, and older canes can be cut right back and removed. Cane begonias like this purple leaf begonia can get very tall. Cut back begonias in autumn. Of course, overwintering begonia plants may require pruning. For instance, how and when to prune a begonia plant depends on your location, as well as which type of begonia you have. Cane-stemmed begonias These begonias ( Begonia coccinea ) can grow to 2m with straight stems and showy clusters of pendulous waxy flowers from mid-summer to late-autumn. Many plant lovers have realized that instead of purchasing expensive begonia baskets each spring, they can overwinter them in greenhouses or as houseplants. Showing 1–51 of 62 results $ 13.99 Begonia ‘Aerial’ Out of Stock. However, at this point, tuberous begonias will naturally begin to die back to the ground. Flowers ranging from reds, pinks and white hang in beautiful clusters and … Tuberous begonias Renowned for amazing glasshouse displays, begonia tuberhybrida, or tuberous begonias , have gorgeous double flowers that appear in late spring and summer. This angel winged cane begonia is also called a Wightii, Clown, Spotted, or Polka Dot begonia. This BIG AWB comes in for the winter. The plant’s exotic look has many moving parts: silver polka dots that seem painted on olive-colored leaves, crimson-colored undersides, and sprays of open bell-like red or white flowers with bright yellow centers on bamboo-looking knotty stems. Begonia maculata after pruning and showing new growth If there are very old, woody canes, especially with not that many leaves, just cut the whole canes down to the soil line. Older plants have developed more canes from the plant base and require lighter pruning. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! In cool climates, begonias are pruned in fall, mainly so that they can easily fit in an indoor location to safely overwinter. Wait until the begonia is a year old before giving it its first hard pruning. Most bear profuse, large clusters of white, pink, orange, or red flowers from early spring through autumn. Begonias can be cut back to within 3-5 inches of the soil to help them regrow. When the new plant is 6 inches tall, pinch the top growing shoot; lateral shoots will develop in a few weeks. add to cart $ 14.99 Begonia ‘Alice Faye’ Rated 5.00 out of 5. In terms of culture, these are not particularly difficult to grow and can thrive indoors, providing you meet a few basic requirements. Tuberous begonia s should be pruned or cut back in the late fall before the … Angel winged begonia likes sunny places, but without direct sunlight, so make sure you find a nice, homey place for it. The dramatic foliage of certain begonias is especially popular for shade-loving hanging baskets. Species can be grown from seed, as can hybrids -- but hybrid seed produces plants not identical to the parent. 1 Pinch off the top shoots from each cane when they are about 6 inches tall. In warm, frost free climates, begonias can grow outdoors as perennials and certain types may even bloom all year. Sign up for our newsletter. Because angel-wings are in the cane grouping of begonias, careful pruning of these canes will keep the plants compact, rounded and, in many cases, suitable for hanging baskets. Here's how I prune and propagate Angel Wing Begonia. Pruning a begonia plants depends on different factors. Shape your pruning with taller canes in the middle and shorter canes at the outer edges of the plant. Native to the Caribbean Islands and other tropical locations, begonias are hardy in areas with frost free winters. Use clean, sharp shears or a knife to cut the stems back to a leaf node. which makes the plant stronger and healthier. A node is where a leaf joins the stem. In cool climates with frost and snow in winter, begonias need to be discarded or brought indoors to a sheltered location when temperatures begin to dip below 50 degrees F. (10 C.). In cool climates, they can be brought indoors and treated like houseplants through winter. Cane-like Begonias. Most common begonias are succulents that perform well in low-moisture environments and require relatively little pruning, especially when trained properly at planting time. In warm climates, begonia plant pruning is usually done in spring. Your plant will then send out lots of new side growth. Called ‘Angel Wing’ because of the shape of the heart-shaped, often speckled foliage, they … In cool climates, they can be dug up. It can also reduce leggy growth, although that may be symptomatic of other issues. Unlike the cane-stemmed varieties, shrub begonias will branch, so prune in late winter to promote new growth. Many rhizomatous begonias are specifically grown as houseplants for their dramatic foliage and tolerance of indirect sunlight. In cool climates, begonias are pruned in fall, mainly so that they can easily fit in an indoor location to safely overwinter. For any green canes, you can shorten them a bit, but leave at least 4 nodes like I did in the photo above. This will help conserve the plant’s energy … Out of Stock. are a large family of plants usually grouped by growth habit or appearance. Propagation is easy through stem cuttings. This will encourage lateral sprouting and bushier growth. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Cane-like begonias can usually survive being cut back by two-thirds, which keeps plants compact and controls their shape. Before pruning, clean your pruning tool of any dirt or plant debris. All begonias require some level of pruning, but the extent varies depending on the type. Remove old, brown canes to the ground, or if in a container, to the surface level of the soil. I keep it going by pruning and propagating. The Rieger begonia is also known as the Begonia x hiemalis or hiemalis begonia. In cooler climates, they are grown as annual plants. Growing Begonia Rhizomes – What Is A Rhizomatous Begonia, What Is A Tuber – How Tubers Differ From Bulbs And Tuberous Roots, Why Won’t My Cannas Bloom – What To Do When Your Canna Will Not Flower, Pohutukawa Info – Growing New Zealand Christmas Trees, Olive Tree Appetizer: Creating A Christmas Tree Made Of Olives, Garden Inside During Winter: How To Plant An Indoor Winter Garden, Zone 8 Conifer Trees – Growing Conifers In Zone 8 Gardens, What Is A Mouse-Ear Hosta – How To Grow Mouse-Ear Hosta Plants, Zone 8 Rose Varieties – Growing Roses In Zone 8 Gardens, Kitchen Houseplants: What Plants Grow Best In Kitchens, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. Don’t know much? Fibrous rooted and rhizomatous begonias do not die back once a year like tuberous begonias. Cut younger canes back to about half their size or even further. General pruning is performed to encourage more bushiness in the plant. In warm climates, begonia plant pruning is usually done in spring. Also, since it is a fast grower, you can prune your begonia from time to time and create the desired foliage shape that way. This means that in warm tropical climates they can grow outdoors, and some even bloom year round. Tree Begonias or Cane-stemmed Begonias are a very tall growing begonia up to 2 metres or more in height and forming a clump of upright stems. By far the best-known cane-type begonias are the angel wing begonias, which grow on upright stems with interesting leaves and magnificent displays of a pendant and drooping flowers.The dragon wing begonia, another beauty, also belongs in this category. Like tuberous begonias, most fibrous begonias cannot survive temperatures below 45 °F (7 °C). Other rhizomatous begonias have variegated leaf forms such as Begonia manicata 'Aureomaculata' with its speckled yellow and green leaves. Enjoy watching and don't forget to hit the LIKE button and please subscribe! Once the begonias have finished flowering for the year, you can use pruning shears or sharp scissors to cut the main stem of the begonia back to a length of 4 inches (10 cm). Do not use bleach as it can be corrosive. Cut back any crowded shoots to the desired length. Continue reading to learn how to prune begonias. To prune, old brown canes can be removed at ground level in late winter (at the end of August - a little later in very cold suburbs) and the rest of the canes trimmed at the same time by one-third to a half to make the plant bushier. Use sharp, clean cutting shears to carefully remove tall and leggy stems. Many gardeners will be familiar with the cane … University of Vermont Extension Department of Plant and Soil Science: Easy Houseplants -- Begonias, Chicago Botanic Garden: Begonias, Angel-wing, Washington State University Puyallup Research and Extension Center: The Myth of Cloroxed Clippers. Keep a close eye on the weather forecast during the fall and be ready to move your begonia pots … I discard the cane … Take a tip cutting with two to four nodes -- root it in a rooting medium such as perlite or sand. It is a ’hungry’ plant, so fertilizer is more than welcome, especially during the growth period. Cane-like begonias have tough, bamboo-like stems and are prized for their strikingly patterned leaves, and many feature attractive and fragrant flowers as well. Wipe them dry. After plants are a year old, annually prune cane-like begonias down to 6 inches in winter and again in late spring every year. Often grown indoors, cane-like begonias thrive in warm, humid conditions and are generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 10 and warmer, but this can vary by species and cultivar. Hey guys! However, timely pruning can have many benefits. Source: Javierahr. Cut flowers and foliage of the cane Begonia are excellent for use in vases. Prune cane-like begonias to control for size and to encourage bushier growth. Begonias under 3 years old can be pruned back to one or two nodes above the soil line to encourage bushy cane growth the following year. The Right Time to Prune During the growing period, it’s only necessary to prune begonias if they start to become overgrown or to encourage new and more bushy (as opposed to tree-like) growth. Prune cane-like begonias to control for size and to encourage bushier growth. Rhizomatous and fibrous rooted begonias don’t die back but they are usually pruned annually to keep them full and blooming properly. However, all begonia can benefit from early pruning. add to cart $ 12.99 Begonia ‘Alma Milliken’ Out of Stock. Whether grown outdoors year round in warm climates or as annuals in cold climates, tuberous begonias die back annually to store up energy in their tubers while they go through a dormant phase. Common varieties of begonia include tuberous, cane, semper florens, rex and winter-flowering begonias. Pinching back your Angel Wing Begonia is the best way to get it to become bushy. The begonia foliage should be trimmed back, and the tubers can be dried and stored in a cool, dry location through winter, just as canna or dahlia bulbs are stored. Pruning your Begonia When you prune a large and overgrown angel wing Begonia it will grow back and be more compact than before. But before you start pruning, you must have the necessary knowledge of pruning begonias. They are also sometimes called elatior begonias, although this is the same plant as the Rieger begonia. Dip pruning clippers or shears into a household disinfectant or alcohol. Begonias are low maintenance and don’t require extensive care to thrive. In the spring--I cut the top off of the plant and then the stem down to near the pot to re-grow. Remove any newly developed canes that tower above the rest or fail to develop many leaves. The original plant was a cross between a standard wax begonia and a tuberous begonia and has since evolved into a thriving category of its own. Rhizomatous begonias are usually easy to identify by their fleshy, horizontal stems or rhizomes which run along or just under the soil surface. cane-type begonias is from stem cuttings. Some are everblooming. Plant is 6 inches in winter and again in late spring every year fall below 50 °F ( 10 ). Plant pruning is usually done in spring, mainly so that they can overwinter them in greenhouses or as for. Or a knife to cut the top shoots from each cane when they are also sometimes called elatior,... 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